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  NHS north west dental health

Dental Conditions

Background information

  • Between the ages of 6 months to 3 years children’s baby (deciduous) teeth erupt.
  • There are 20 baby teeth.
  • All of the baby teeth are replaced by permanent teeth between the ages of 6 – 13 years.
  • Wisdom teeth erupt between the ages of 17 – 21 years.
  • There are 32 permanent teeth.

Types of teeth and their functions

TeethFunction
IncisorsCutting
CaninesTearing
PremolarsTearing and Chewing
MolarsChewing

types of teeth

Enamel

This is the outer layer of the tooth, the part of the tooth you see above the gum. Enamel is the hardest material in the body. Enamel protects the inside of the tooth.

Dentine

This is the inner part of the tooth and is yellow in colour. Dentine is similar to bone and not as tough as Enamel.

Pulp

This is the most inner part of the tooth, which contain the nerve endings and blood vessels that keep the tooth alive and healthy

Gum

This is the pink area around the teeth.

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